• ืฆื— ื‘ืŸ ืฉืžื•ืืœ - ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืื™ืฉื™

๐ŸŒนืขืœ ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžืžื ื• ื›ืœื‘ืœื‘ ืื—ื“ ืงื˜ืŸ ืžืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ืžื’ื™ื“ื• ื•ืžื” ืฉื‘ื ื™ื”ื ๐ŸŒน

ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื›ืœื‘ืœื‘ ืžืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ืžื’ื™ื“ื•


ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืืชื ื• ื™ืฉ ืืช ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ,ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื ื•ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื•ื˜ื•ื‘ ืขื ืขืฆืžื•, ืขื ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ื ืขื•ืฉื” ืขื ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœื• ื‘ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื ื•ื— ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื˜ื•ื‘ ืจื•ื’ืข ื•ืฉืœื•, ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช.


ืื™ื” ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืื• ื›ืคื™ ืฉืจื•ื‘ื ื• ืžื›ื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืชื• ื›ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื›ืœื‘ืœื‘ ืžืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ืžื’ื™ื“ื• ื”ื•ื ื”ื•ื ืกืคืจ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขื‘ืจื™ ืžืืช ืœืื” ื’ื•ืœื“ื‘ืจื’, ื”ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ืขืœ ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืžืืช ื“ื™ื ื” ืจื•ืŸ ื•ืื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžืืช ื‘ืŸ-ื–ื•ื’ื” ืืจื™ ืจื•ืŸ. ื”ืกืคืจ, ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืกืคืจ ืงืœืืกื™ ืœื’ื™ืœ ื”ืจืš, ืจืื” ืื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1957 ื‘ื”ื•ืฆืืช ืกืคืจื™ืช ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื•ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ืžืื– ื‘ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืžื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช.


ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ื”ื•ืคืš ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืœืœื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื ื•ื— ืื• ื›ืคื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ืงื•ืจืื™ื ืœื• ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช, ื ื•ืฆืจ ืคืขืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ืคืŸ ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืชื•ืคืกื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ืื ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืขืฆืžื”. ื”ืคืขืจ ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ืœืš ื•ื’ื“ืœ ืขื ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืขื“ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืžืฆื‘ ื‘ื• ืื ื—ื ื• ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืกื‘ื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ืื ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื, ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืชืงื•ืขื™ื ืื‘ืœ ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืžื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื•ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœืฆืืช ืžืื•ืชื• ืื–ื•ืจ ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช. ืื—ื“ ื”ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืฉืžื•ื ืขื™ื ืžืืชื ื• ืœืฆืืช ืžื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืชืงื•ืขื™ื ื•ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื”ื•ื ื”ืคื—ื“, ื‘ื•ืื• ื•ื ื“ืžื” ืœืจื’ืข ืืช ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืœืื™ ืขืœื™ื• ืื ื• ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื ืจืื” ืœื ื• ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื”ื ื•ื— ืฉื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืื™ ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ื• ื™ืฉ ื™ื ืกื•ืขืจ ืžืœื ื‘ื“ื’ื™ื ืžืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื•ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื. ื›ืขืช, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืฉื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืฆืืช ืžืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื•ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืžืงื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœื™ื ื”ืžืคื—ื™ื“ ื”ื–ื” ื•ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื”, ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช, ืื—ืจืช ื ืฉืืจ ืชืงื•ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืื™. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืคื—ื“, ืื• ื”ืคื—ื“ ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืชืง ื”ื•ื ืžืงื‘ืข ืืช ืจื’ืœื ื• ืœืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ืื ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื, ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืข ืืช ื”ืงื•ืœื•ืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืขื•ืœื™ื ืœื ื• ื‘ืจืืฉ "ืื ื™ ืœื ืืฆืœื™ื— ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื”, ืœืžื” ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช ื–ื” ื–ื” ืžืคื—ื™ื“, ืกื”"ื› ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœื™ ืื™ืคื” ืฉืื ื™ ื ืžืฆื, ืื ื™ ืจืง ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ืงืฆืช, ื–ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืขืœื™" ื•ืขื•ื“ ื›ื”ื ื” ื•ื›ื”ื ื” ืงื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืžื ืกื™ื ืœืฉื›ื ืข ืื•ืชื ื• ืœื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืžื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื. ืื ืœื ื“ื™ ื‘ื›ืš ื”ืจื™ ืฉืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืืœื• ืžืฆื˜ืจืคื™ื ื’ื ืงื•ืœื•ืช ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ "ื”ื™ื•ืขืฆื™ื ืฉืœื ื•" ืื• ื›ืžื• ืฉืžืฉื”ื• ืคืขื ืœื™ืžื“ ืื•ืชื™ "ื”ืžืงื”ืœื” ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœื™" ื”ืงื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืข ืžื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื” "ืœืžื” ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช ื–ื”, ื–ื” ืœื ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืฉื™ื ื•ื™, ื—ื‘ืœ ืืชื ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘, ื–ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืขืœื™ืš, ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืืช ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช, ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืืช ื”ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื”" ื•ืขื•ื“ ื•ืขื•ื“ ื•ืขื•ื“ ืงื•ืœื•ืช ืฉื‘ื™ื—ื“ ืžืฆื˜ืจืคื™ื ืœืžื ื’ื™ื ื” ืจื•ืขืฉืช ื•ืžืฉืชืงืช ืฉื’ื•ืจืžืช ืœื ื• ืœื ืื—ืช ืœื•ื•ืชืจ, ืœื”ืจื™ื ื™ื“ื™ื™ื, ืœื•ืžืจ ืื ื™ ืœื ืžืกื•ื’ืœ. ื”ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืขื ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืžื™ื ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก, ื™ืฉ ืืช ืืœื• ืฉืงื•ืคืฆื™ื ืžื™ื“ ืœืžื™ื ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืงื•ืจ ื•ื”ืœื ื ื•ื“ืข ื•ืชื•ืš ื›ืžื” ืฉื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืžืชืจื’ืœ ืœื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื•ื”ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืฉื—ื•ืช, ืœื ื›ื•ืœื ื”ื ื›ืืœื• ื™ืฉื ื ื›ืืœื• ืฉื—ื•ืฉืฉื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืžื™ื ืฉื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ืœื›ื ื™ืกื” ืื™ื˜ื™ืช ืฆืขื“ ืื—ืจ ืฆืขื“ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืœื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื ื•ืจืง ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืžื™ื ื•ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ื•ืช, ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืืฆืœ ืืœื• ื”ื™ื ื”ื”ืชืžื“ื” ืฉื›ืŸ ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืืจื•ืš ืฉืงืœ ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื• ืื‘ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืžืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ื• ื–ื•ื›ื” ืœื”ื ืื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื’ืข ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื ืขื ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื•ื”ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ. ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื ื™ืฉ ื“ื’ื™ื ื•ื”ื ืœื ืื—ืช ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื“ื’ื™ื ืžื˜ื‘ืขื ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื ืจื•ืื™ื ื’ื•ืฃ ื–ืจ ืฉื ืžืฆื ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื” ื•ื ื›ื ืก ืœื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื”ื ื ื‘ื”ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื•ืจื—ื™ื, ื”ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื” ืชื ื•ืขื” ืฉืชืงื“ื ืืชื ื• ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื•ืชืจื—ื™ืง ืืช ื”ื“ื’ื™ื ื”ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื™ื ืžืืชื ื•. ื•ืœืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื, ืื– ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื, ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื™ื ืื‘ืœ ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™ ื”ื ืœื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ืฉื ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ื”ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื•ืช. ื›ืœ ืฉืขืœื™ื ื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื• ืœืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ืื ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื, ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื ื•ืื™ืชื ืื• ืื– ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื•ืชื ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ืื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืงืœื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ ืœืขื•ืจืจ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืจืขืฉ ื•ืžื”ื•ืžื” ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื•ืชื ื•ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ื”ืœืื” ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื‘ื. ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืชื’ื‘ืจื ื• ืขืœ ื”ืคื—ื“, ืื–ืจื ื• ืื•ืžืฅ ื ื›ื ืกื• ืœืžื™ื ื•ื”ืชื—ืœื ื• ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื”ื—ืœ ืœื• ื”ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื‘ื ืฉื”ื•ื ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืœืžื™ื“ื”, ืœืคืชืข ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื’ืœื™ื ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื ื• ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ืœืงื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืœื ื™ื“ืขื ื• ืฉืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ื ื•, ื—ืœืงื ื™ื“ืขื ื• ืขืœ ืงื™ื•ืžื ืื‘ืœ ืœื ื”ืืžื ื• ืฉื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ื”ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœื˜ื•ื‘ืชื ื• ื•ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื›ืš ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืขื•ืœื ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœื ื”ื›ืจื ื•, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ืชืงื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืฉืœื ื• ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื–ื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืงืคืฆื ื• ืœืžื™ื. ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื™ืคื” ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื–ื” ืฉื”ื•ื ืœืขื•ืœื ืื™ื ื• ืžืกืชื™ื™ื, ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื”, ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื ืชืงื“ื ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื ืžืฉื™ืš ืœื’ืœื•ืช ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื ืจืื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ืžื–ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืืœื• ืฉืœื ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื—ืฉืฃ ืืœื™ื”ืŸ ืื ืœื ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื ื”ืœืื”, ืงื“ื™ืžื”. ื”ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœื ื• ื”ื•ื ื”ื”ื’ืขื” ืœืžืงื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื”ืฆืœื—ื”, ื”ื”ื’ืขื” ืœืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœื ื•, ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉืขื‘ื“ื ื• ืงืฉื” ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœื™ื• ืงืคืฆื ื• ืœืžื™ื, ื”ืชื’ื‘ืจื ื• ืขืœ ื”ืคื—ื“ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ื•ื”ืชืงื“ืžื ื• ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื™ืขื“ ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉื”ื’ื“ืจื ื• ืœื ื• ื•ื”ื ื” ืื—ืจื™ ืžืกืข ืืจื•ืš ื”ื’ืขื ื• ืืœื™ื• ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืจื•ืฆื™ื ืžืขืฆืžื ื• ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื—ื’ื•ื’ ืืช ื”ืžืื•ืจืข. ืื– ืื—ืจื™ ืฉื—ื’ื’ื ื• ืืช ื”ื”ื’ืขื” ืฉืœื ื• ืœืžืงื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉื›ื” ืจืฆื™ื ื• ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืืฆื‘ืข ืขืœ ื”ื“ื•ืคืง ื•ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ืžืชื™ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื–ื” ืฉืœื ื•, ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœื ื• ืžืคืกื™ืง ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ื–ื” ืžืชื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื–ื•ืจ ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช, ืžืชื™ ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืกืคืจ ืœืขืฆืžื ื• ื›ืœ ืžื™ื ื™ ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืœื˜ืื˜ื ืืช ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืžืชื—ืช ืœืฉื˜ื™ื—. ื•ืžื” ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืื ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื›ื”? ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืžืื•ื“ ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืœืจื’ืข ื•ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื• ืฉืืœื” ืื—ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื” " ืžื” ื‘ืขืฆื ืงื•ืจื” ืคื”" ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ื ื™ื ืขืฆืžื ื• ื•ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ื‘ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ืืช ื”ืกื™ื˜ื•ืืฆื™ื” ื‘ื” ืื ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื, ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืœืขืฆืžื ื• ืœื ืœืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืื—ืจ ื•ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื”ื›ื™ ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื•ืžื“ื•ื™ืงืช ืฉืืคืฉืจ, ืื ื”ื‘ื ื• ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ื‘ื“ืจืš ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืœืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื›ืš ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ื”ื”ื™ื ื• ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ืื• ืœื. ืื ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืœื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœืฆืืช ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืžืกืข ืฉืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช, ืจืง ืฉื”ืคืขื ืื ื• ื‘ืขืœื™ ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ, ืœืžื“ื ื• ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ื“ ืื• ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื•ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืข ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ื›ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืฉื”ืื’ื ื”ืžืคื—ื™ื“ ืฉืžืงื™ืฃ ืื•ืชื ื• ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžืคื—ื™ื“ ื•ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื ืงื“ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืžื™ื ื•ื ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ืืช ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœื ื• ื›ืŸ ื™ื™ื˜ื‘ ืœื ื•. ืื™ืš ื›ืœ ื–ื” ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื”ื›ืœื‘ืœื‘ ื”ื—ืžื•ื“ ืžืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ืžื’ื™ื“ื•? ืื™ื” ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื”ื•ื ื›ืืžื•ืจ ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉืจืื” ืื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1957 ื•ืžืื– ืื™ืŸ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื ื‘ื™ืงืจ ื‘ื• ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ืื• ืื•ืชื• ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉื’ื“ืœื• ื•ื”ืงืจื™ืื• ืื•ืชื• ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื”ื ื•ืืœื• ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื’ื ื”ื™ื•ื ืœื”ืงืจื™ื ืื•ืชื• ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื”ื.


ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื”ื›ืœ ืžืจืง ื•ื’ื ืขืฆื ื–ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื ืคืœื ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืขืฆื

ืื™ื” ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื”ื™ื•ืชื• ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื”ื•ื ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžืกืข ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืฉื’ืช ื”ื™ืขื“, ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉื”ื•ืฆื‘ื”. ืคืœื•ื˜ื•, ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืฉืœื ื• ื”ื•ื ื›ืœื‘ืœื‘ ื—ืžื•ื“ ืฉื’ืจ ื‘ืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ื•ืื ืœื”ืืžื™ืŸ ืœื˜ืงืกื˜ ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ืื• ืฆืจื™ืš " ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื” ื›ืœ ืžืจืง ื•ื’ื ืขืฆื" ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื•ื™ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื•, ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืขื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืขื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื. ื™ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื•ื ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืชืงื•ืข ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื•ืฉื”ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื ื•ื— ืขื‘ื•ืจื• ื•ืฉืื ื›ืœ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ื”ื•ื ืงืฉื•ืจ ื‘ื—ื‘ืœ ืœืขืžื•ื“ ื•ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื™ื“ื™ ืขื ืขืฆืžื•, ื”ื•ื ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื•ื“ื“ ื•ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื–ื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœื•, ืฉื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ืฉื™ื ื•ื™, ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืคืกื™ืง ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื“ื“ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืœื• ื—ื‘ืจ " ื–ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื™ืคื” ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืขืฆื, ื ืžืืก ืœื• ืœืฉื‘ืช ื›ืš ืœื‘ื“ื•". ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืžื—ืœื™ื˜ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืžืขืฉื”, ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื ื•ืœืฆืืช ืืœ ื”ืœื ื ื•ื“ืข, ืœืฆืืช ืœืžืกืข ืœื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื "ืงืจืข ืืช ื”ื—ื‘ืœ ื ื‘ื— ื”ื‘ ื”ื‘ ืงืคืฅ ื—ื™ืฉ ืžื”ืจ ื•ื ืฉื ืืช ืจื’ืœื™ื• "ื”ื•ื ืจืฅ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื”ื•ื ืจืฅ ื‘ืฉื“ื•ืช ืืช ืžื™ ื”ื•ื ื™ืคื’ื•ืฉ, ืžืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืื•ื“" ื•ื›ืš ื‘ืคืขื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื• ื”ื•ื ืžืฆืœื™ื— ืœืจืื•ืช ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื”ื‘ื‘ื•ืื” ืฉืœ ืขืฆืžื• ื•ื–ื” ืœื ืคืฉื•ื˜, ื–ื” ืœื ืงืœ ื•ื–ื” ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืคื—ื™ื“ ื•ืžื‘ืœื‘ืœ "ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ืจื™ื›ื” ืžื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืช ื‘ื• ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ืœื‘, ืžื” ื™ืฉ ืฉื ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื?"


ืงืจืข ืืช ื”ื—ื‘ืœ ื ื‘ื— ื”ื‘ ื”ื‘ ืงืคืฅ ื—ื™ืฉ ืžื”ืจ ื•ื ืฉื ืืช ืจื’ืœื™ื•

ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืžื’ืœื” ืฉื™ืฉื ื ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ืžืฉื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืืœื™ื• ื”ื•ื ื”ื’ื™ืข ืฉืื•ืชื ื”ื•ื ืœื ื”ื›ื™ืจ ื›ืžื• ื”ืฆืคืจื“ืข "ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื™ืจืงืจืง ืžืฉื•ื ื” ืžื™ ื™ื•ื“ืข ืžื” ืฉื ื”ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื›ืžื“ื•ืžื ื™ ืฆืคืจื“ืข" ืื• ื”ืคืจืคืจ "ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืคืจื— ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื ื”ื“ืจ, ืžื” ืฉื ื”ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื›ืžื“ื•ืžื ื™ ืคืจืคืจ" ืขื•ื“ ื”ื•ื ืžื’ืœื” ืฉืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉืœื• ื”ืฆืคืจื“ืข ื‘ืžื™ื "ืืžืจื” ืœื• ืงื•ื•ื” ืงื•ื•ื” ื•ืงืคืฆื” ืœื‘ืจื™ื›ื”" ื”ืคืจืคืจ ื‘ืฉืžื™ื "ืืš ืคืจืก ื”ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื›ื ืคื™ื ืื—ืช ื•ืฉืชื™ื ื•ื”ื•ื ื‘ืฉืžื™ื™ื" ื•ืฉืื ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืฉืžืชืื™ื ืœื• ื•ืœื ื‘ื” ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœืื—ืจื™ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื ืžื’ืœื” ื‘ืขื–ืจืชื• ื”ืื“ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื’ ืื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื ืคื•ื’ืฉ ื‘ืžื™ื ืฉืื•ืžืจ ืœื• "ื›ืœื‘ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื ื–ื” ืœื ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฆื ื™ื“ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื™ืงืจ ืืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ".

ื›ืืฉืจ ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืœื•ืžื“ ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื˜ื•ื‘ ืœื• ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจืื•ืช ืื—ืจืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ื™ืคื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ "ื•ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื™ืฆื ืืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื•ื ืฉืžื— ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ืคื” ื•ื”ื ืจืงื™ืก ืคื•ืจื—". ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ืžืงื•ืžื• ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจื• ื•ืžื” ืœื ื ื›ื•ืŸ "ื˜ื•ื‘ ืื ืœื ืขืคืชื™ ืืงืคื•ืฅ ื•ืืจื•ืฅ" ื•ืžืื•ืชื• ืจื’ืข ื”ื•ื ืžืื•ืฉืจ.

ืฆื ืืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื•ื ืฉืžื— ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ืคื” ื•ื”ื ืจืงื™ืก ืคื•ืจื—


ืกื™ื•ืžื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกืข ืžื•ื›ืจ ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืงืจื ืื• ื”ืงืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืกืคืจ. ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื—ื•ื–ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืœืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ืื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื–ืจ ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืื—ืจ ื›ื–ื” ืฉืœื ืžืคืกื™ืง ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ื•ืฉืœื ืคื•ื—ื“ ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืฉืืœื•ืช ื•ืฉืžื— ืœืงื‘ืœ ืชืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช "ืฉืœื•ื ืœืš ืคืจื” ืืช ืขื•ืฉื” ืงืฆืคืช, ื˜ื™ืคืฉ ืงื˜ืŸ ืืžืจื” ื”ืคืจื”, ืื ื™ ืžื™ื™ืฆืจืช ื—ืœื‘ ืœื’ื‘ื™ื ื”" ื•ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื›ืœ ื”ื•ื ืžื’ืฉื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืœืฉืžื” ื”ื•ื ื™ืฆื ืœืžืกืข ื”ืืจื•ืš ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืคื•ื’ืฉ ื—ื‘ืจ ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืฉืžื— ืœืงืจืืชื• "ืื– ื’ื“ื™ ื ื›ื ืก ืืœ ื”ืจืคืช, ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื•, ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืฉืœื™ ืื™ื” ื”ื™ื™ืช ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื—ื‘ื™ื‘ ืฉืœื•ื ื•ื‘ืจื›ื” ื—ื–ืจืช ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืื™ื–ื• ืฉืžื—ื”" ื›ืขืช ื”ื•ื ืœื ืœื‘ื“ ื”ื•ื ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ืžืกืข ื”ืืจื•ืš ืื•ืชื• ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืฉื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื—ื“ืฉ. ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืฆื•ืขื“ ืขื ื”ื—ื‘ืจ ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœื• ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ืกื™ื•ื ื”ืžืกืข ืืœ ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืœื• "ื”ื ื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืขืจื‘ ืขืœื” ื”ืกื”ืจ ื•ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืจืฆื™ื ื‘ื“ื”ืจ, ื ืจื•ืฅ ืžื”ืจ ืžื™ ื™ื’ื™ืข ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื›ื‘ืจ ื–ืžืŸ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื•ืœืฉื›ื‘ ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ" ืื™ื” ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ื”ื•ื ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื™ื“ื•ืข ื•ื˜ื•ื‘ ืื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืกื™ืคื•ืจื• ื”ืื™ืฉื™ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื•ืื—ื“ ืžืืชื ื•, ื•ื›ืžื• ืคืœื•ื˜ื• ืื ืœื ื ืขื– ื•ื ื ืกื” ืœื ื ืฆืœื™ื—, ืคืจื’ื ื• ืœืขืฆืžื›ื, ืžืงืกื™ืžื•ื ื–ื” ื™ืฆืœื™ื—


๐ŸŒน ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืฉืืชื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืชืงื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื ื•ืœื ืžืฆืœื™ื—ื™ื ืœืฆืืช ืžืžื ื•?

๐ŸŒน ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืฉื™ืœื•ื•ื” ืืชื›ื ื‘ืžืกืข ืฉืœื›ื ืœื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื?

๐ŸŒนืžื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืชื›ื ืœืคืจื’ืŸ ืœืขืฆืžื›ื, ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืื™ืชื™ ืงืฉืจ ื•ื™ื—ื“ ื ืขืœื” ืขืœ ื”ื“ืจืš ืืœ ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™


ืฆื— ื‘ืŸ-ืฉืžื•ืืœ, ืžืืžืŸ ืื™ืฉื™

ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืื™ืฉื™-ืœืฉื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื‘ืžืจื›ื–

053-3404206

39 ืฆืคื™ื•ืช0 ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช

ื”ืชืงืฉืจื• ืืœื™ ื•ื ืงื‘ืข ืคื’ื™ืฉื”

ืฆื— ื‘ืŸ ืฉืžื•ืืœ 

ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืื™ืฉื™-ืœืฉื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื‘ืžืจื›ื–

ื ื™ื™ื“: 053-3404206

ืžื™ื™ืœ: benshmuelz@gmail.com

ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืงืฉืจ?

ยฉ 2023 by The Plan. Proudly created with Wix.com