ย 

๐ŸŒน ืขืœ ืžืจืงื•, ืงื•ืคื™ืคื•, ื”ืชืžื“ื” ื•ืขืœ ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉื‘ื ื™ื”ื๐ŸŒน

ืขื•ื“ื›ืŸ ื‘: 18 ืื•ืง 2020



ื’ื ื‘ืœื‘ ื›ืžื• ื‘ื™ื ืกืขืจื•ืช ื™ืฉ ื•ื’ื ืกื•ื“ื•ืช

ื”ืœื‘ ื”ื™ื ืกื“ืจืช ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืžืฆื•ื™ืจืช (ื™ืคื ื™ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ) ื‘ืช 52 ืคืจืงื™ื ืฉื”ื•ืคืงื” ืœื˜ืœื•ื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ื‘-1976' ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืฉื•ื“ืจื” ื”ืกื“ืจื” ื‘ื˜ืœื•ื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืช ื‘ืฉื ื™ื 1983โ€“1984 ื‘ืคืขื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื•ืžืื– ืฉื•ื“ืจื” ืคืขืžื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื™ื“ื•ืจื™ื ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื.

ืžื™ ืžืืชื ื• ืœื ื–ื•ื›ืจ ืืช ืžืจืงื•, ื ืขืจ ืฆืขื™ืจ ืฉื—ื™ ืขื ืžืฉืคื—ืชื• ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ื ืžืœ ื’'ื ื•ื‘ื” ืฉื‘ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ืฉื™ื•ืฆื ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ืงื•ืฃ ืงื•ืคื™ืคื• ืœืžืกืข ืืจื•ืš ื•ืžื™ื™ื’ืข ืžืœื ื‘ืงืฉื™ื™ื ืชืœืื•ืช ื•ืกื›ื ื•ืช, ื”ืžืกืข ืœืžืฆื™ืืช ืืžื ืฉื ืขืœืžื” ืื™ ืฉื ื‘ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”.

ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกืข ื™ื™ื“ื•ืข ืœื›ื•ืœื, ืขื™ื™ืฃ ื•ืจืขื‘ ืžืจืงื• ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื™ืขื“ื• ื•ืžื•ืฆื ืฉื ืืช ืืžื•, ื”ื—ื•ืœื” ืžืื•ื“ ื•ื–ืงื•ืงื” ืœื ื™ืชื•ื—, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืื ืจื•ืื” ืืช ืžืจืงื• ื”ื™ื ืžืชื—ื–ืงืช ื•ืขื•ื‘ืจืช ืืช ื”ื ื™ืชื•ื— ื‘ื”ืฆืœื—ื”, ืžืจืงื• ื•ืืžื• ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืœื’'ื ื•ื‘ื” ื•ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืžืชืื—ื“ืช ืžื—ื“ืฉ.

ื”ืกื“ืจื” ืžืฉื›ื” ืืœื™ื” ืฆื•ืคื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื (ืžืขื“ื•ืช ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืœื ืจืง ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืืœื ื’ื ื‘ื ื™ ื ื•ืขืจ ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื›ืš) ื•ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœืืจื™ืช ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ื–ืžื ื” ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื–ื“ื”ื•ืช ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฆื•ืคื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื“ ืžืจืงื• ื•ื”ืžืกืข ื”ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™ ืืœื™ื• ื™ืฆื ื‘ื“ืจืš ืœืžืฆื™ืืช ืืžื•.

ื‘ืื—ืช ื”ืกื“ื ืื•ืช ืฉื”ืขื‘ืจืชื™ ืฉื“ื™ื‘ืจื” ืขืœ ื ื—ื™ืฉื•ืช ื•ื”ืชืžื“ื” ื”ืฆื’ืชื™ ืœืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ืืช ืฉื™ืจ ื”ืคืชื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืกื“ืจื” ื”ืœื‘, ื›ื•ืœ ื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ืคืฆื—ื• ื‘ืฉื™ืจื” ื›ื™ ืžื™ ืžืืชื ื• ืฉื—ื™ ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืชืงื•ืคื” ืœื ื–ื•ื›ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ "ื›ืžื• ื”ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืœื‘ ื”ื™ื ืœื™ื‘ื• ืฉืœ ืžืจืงื• - ืกื•ืขืจ ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืจื“ ืœื—ื•ืฃ, ื™ื•ืจื“ ืœื—ื•ืฃ ืžื‘ื™ื˜ ืœืžืจื—ืง ื›ื™ ืื™ืžื• ืฉืœื• ืฉื ื‘ืžืจื—ืงื™ื ื•ื”ืœื‘ - ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ืืœ ืืžื, ื’ื ื‘ืœื‘, ื›ืžื• ื‘ื™ื ืกืขืจื•ืช ื™ืฉ, ื•ื’ื ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื™ ื™ื’ื™ื“ ืœื•, ืžื™ ื™ื“ืข ื”ืกื•ื“ ืฉื‘ืœื‘" ืื—ืจื™ ืฉืกื™ื™ืžื ื• ืœืฉื™ืจ ื‘ื™ืงืฉืชื™ ืžื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ืฉืœื”ื ืžื”ืกื“ืจื”.

ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ืฆื™ื™ื ื• ื›ื™ ื”ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืฉืœื”ื ืžื”ืกื“ืจื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืกืข ื”ืืจื•ืš ื•ื”ืžืคืจืš ืฉืขื‘ืจ ืžืจืงื• ,ื”ื ื—ื™ืฉื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืจืงื• ื•ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืœื ื•ื™ืชืจ ื•ื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืขื“ ืฉืžืฆื ืืช ืืžื (ืกื“ืจืช ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืกื•ืฃ ื˜ื•ื‘) ื”ื™ื• ื›ืืœื• ืฉืฆื™ื™ื ื• ื›ื™ ื”ื ื–ื•ื›ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฉืžืขืช ืขืฆืžื™ืช ื•ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืคื ื•ืžื ืืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžืจืงื• ืœืงื•ื ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื ืคื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื•ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื”ืœืื” ื‘ืžืกืข ืขื“ ืœื”ืฆืœื—ื”.

ื”ื“ืœืง ืฉื”ื ื™ืข ืืช ื”ื”ืชืžื“ื” ื”ื›ื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ืฉืœ ืžืจืงื• ื”ื™ื• ื”ื ื—ื™ืฉื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื•ื”ืžืฉืžืขืช ื”ืขืฆืžื™ืช ืฉืœื ื ืชื ื• ืœื• ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ืฉื’ืจืžื• ืœื• ืœื”ืชืžื™ื“ ื•ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื”ืœืื” ื‘ืžืกืข, ื ื™ื•ื˜ ื’ื™ื ื’ืจื™ืฅ' ื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื”ืชืžื“ื” ื‘ืื•ืžืจื• ื›ื™ "ื”ืชืžื“ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื”ืงืฉื” ืฉืืชื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ืชืขื™ื™ืคืช ืžื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื”ืงืฉื” ืฉื›ื‘ืจ ืขืฉื™ืช", ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืฉืงื•ืœืขืช ื‘ื•ืœ ืœืกื™ืคื•ืจื• ืฉืœ ืžืจืงื• ืฉื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ืžืกืข ืฉืœื• ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื‘ืงืฆื‘ ืฉืœื•, ื›ืžื• ืฉืืžืจ ืงื•ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื•ืก ืื™ืŸ ื–ื” ืžืฉื ื” ื›ืžื” ืœืื˜ ืืชื” ืžืชืงื“ื ื›ื•ืœ ืขื•ื“ ืืชื” ืœื ืขื•ืฆืจ.

ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืžืกืข ื ืชืงืœ ืžืจืงื• ื‘ืงืฉื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื• ื™ื›ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื• ืœื”ืคืกื™ืง ืืช ื”ืžืกืข, ืงืฉื™ื™ื ืฉืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ืœื ื• ืžื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ืฉืœื ื• ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื• ืœื ืื—ืช ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืืฉ, ืœื”ืจื™ื ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืคืกื™ืง ื•ืœื•ื•ืชืจ, ืœื•ืžืจ ื–ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืขืœื™ ืื ื™ ืžืคืกื™ืง.

ืขืฆืจื• ืœืจื’ืข ื•ื—ืฉื‘ื• ื›ืžื” ืคืขืžื™ื ื”ืชื—ืœืชื ืžืฉื”ื•, ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ืชื ืฉืืชื ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืื•ืชื• ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืžื™ื ืื ืœื ืœื•ืžืจ ืžืก' ืฉืขื•ืช ืืžืจืชื ืฉืืชื ืžื•ื•ืชืจื™ื, ืฉื”ื‘ื ืชื ืฉื–ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืขืœื™ื›ื ื•ืฉืœื ืชืฆืœื™ื—ื• ืœื›ืŸ ืืชื ืžืจื™ืžื™ื ื™ื“ื™ื™ื.

ืžืจืงื• ืฉืœื ื• ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ื“ืจื›ื• ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ืฉื”ื”ืชืžื“ื” ืื™ื ื” ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ื”ืชืžื“ื” ื”ื™ื ืืžืฆืขื™ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืžืื•ื“ ืœื”ืฉื’ืชื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืืžื ื•ืจืง ืื ื”ื•ื ื™ืžืฉื™ืš ืœื”ืชืžื™ื“ ื”ื•ื ื™ืฆืœื™ื—.

ืื– ืžื” ืขื–ืจ ืœืžืจืงื• ืœื”ืฆืœื™ื— ื•ืžื” ืื ื—ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ื›ืš:

๐ŸŒนื”ื’ื•ืจื ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ืฉื”ื‘ื™ื ืืช ืžืจืงื• ืœื”ืฆืœื—ื” ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื”ื•ื ื–ื” ืฉืงื‘ืข ื•ื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืœืฉืžื” ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืฆื ืœืžืกืข โ€“ ืืช ื”"ืžื” ืฉืœื•".

๐ŸŒนื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ืชื” ืœื• ื‘ืจื•ืจื”, ื”ื™ื” ืœื• ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืื•ืชื”, ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœื”ืชืืžืฅ ืขื‘ื•ืจื” ื•ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืชื• ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืื•ื“ ืจื™ืืœื™ืช.

๐ŸŒนื›ืืฉืจ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ ืงื‘ืข ืขื‘ื•ืจื ื• ืืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืขืœื™ื ื• ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžื•ื˜ื™ื‘ืฆื™ื” ืฉืœื ื• ืœื‘ืฆืข ืื•ืชื” ืœื”ืขืœื•ืช ืฉืืœื•ืช ื‘ื“ื‘ืจ ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ืชื” ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืœืžืฆื‘ ื‘ื• ืื ื• ืžืจื™ืžื™ื ื™ื“ื™ื™ื, ืคื•ืจืฉื™ื ืื• ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฉื™ืžื” ื›ื™ ืื ื—ื ื• ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ืœื ื›ื™ ืื ื—ื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ื•ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืื• ืื– ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืœืงื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื• ื‘ืฉืืœื” ื”ื›ื” ืžื•ื›ืจืช ืœืžื” ืื ื—ื ื• ืœื ืžืฆืœื™ื—ื™ื ืœื”ืชืžื™ื“.

๐ŸŒนืื—ืจื™ ืฉืžืจืงื• ืฉืœื ื• ื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืœืขืฆืžื• ืืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื•ื ื’ื ื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืœืขืฆืžื• ืืช ื”ื“ืจืš ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ื™ืฉื™ื’ ืื•ืชื”, ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืœืžืกืข ื—ื•ืฆื” ื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช, ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื•ืคืฉื•ื˜ื” ื•ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืชื• ื‘ืจืช ืžื™ืžื•ืฉ.

๐ŸŒนื”ื•ื ืœื ืฉื›ื— ืœืงื—ืช ืื™ืชื• ืืช ืงื•ืคื™ืคื•, ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉื™ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืœื• ืชืžื™ื“ ืžืื™ืคื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ื ื•ืœืืŸ ื”ื•ื ืฉื•ืืฃ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ื‘ืกื™ื•ืžื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกืข, ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉืžืกืžืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื• ื”ื‘ื™ืช.

ื›ืขืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื• ืœืžืจืงื• ืืช "ื”ืžื” ื•ื”ืื™ืš " ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื ื•ืชืจ ืœื• ื”ื™ื” ืœืฆืืช ืœื“ืจืš ืื• ื›ืžื• ืฉืืžืจ ื”ื“ื‘ ื”ื—ื›ื ืคื• "ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ื‘ื ืช ืื™ื–ื• ืžื›ืคื•ืช ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื ื›ืฃ ื”ืจื’ืœ ื”ื™ืžื ื™ืช, ื›ื‘ืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื”ืชืœื‘ื˜ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ ืžื”ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื”ื›ืฃ ื”ืฉืžืืœื™ืช, ื•ื›ืขืช ืจืง ื ื•ืชืจื” ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื‘ืื™ื–ื• ืžื”ืŸ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฆืขื•ื“."

ื•ืžืจืงื• ืฉืœื ื• ื™ืฆื ืœืžืกืข ื”ื•ื ืœื ืขืฆืจ ืœื ื•ื— ืœืจื’ืข, ืืช ื›ื•ื—ื•ืชื™ื• ืœืžืกืข ื”ื•ื ืฉืื‘ ืžืขืฆื ื”ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ืœื”ื’ืฉืžืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืœื•, ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืงืฉื”, ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืงืฉื” ืœื ื”ืคื—ื™ื“ื” ืื•ืชื• ื”ื™ื ืจืง ื“ืจื‘ื ื” ืื•ืชื• ื•ื”ื‘ื”ื™ืจื” ืœื• ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื›ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื•ื›ื™ ืขืœื™ื• ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื“ืจืš ื”ื–ื•, ื”ื•ื ืœื ืฆื™ืคื” ืฉืžืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ ื™ืขืฉื” ืขื‘ื•ืจื• ืืช ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืืœื ื”ื•ื ืขืฆืžื•, ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืงื•ืคื™ืคื•, ืขืฉื” ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื ื“ืจืฉ ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื“ืจืš ืืœ ื”ืžื˜ืจื”.

ืœืื•ืจื›ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืจืš ื—ื•ื•ื” ืžืจืงื• ืœื ืžืขื˜ ื›ื™ืฉืœื•ื ื•ืช ืื›ื–ื‘ื•ืช ื•ืžืคื—ื™ ื ืคืฉ ืฉื”ื™ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื• ืœื•ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืฉื‘ื ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ื ื›ื•ื ื”, ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืื ื• ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืžืฆื‘ ื‘ื• ื‘ืขืฆื ืžื•ื˜ื‘ ืœื ื• ืœื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉืžืฉื”ื• ื”ื™ื” ื˜ืขื•ืช ืื• ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืฉื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื ื ื•ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื ืžืฉื™ืš ื•ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ืื•ืชื” ื˜ืขื•ืช ืฉื•ื‘ ื•ืฉื•ื‘ ื•ื ืฆืคื” ืฉืžืฉื”ื• ื™ืฉืชื ื”,(ืื™ื™ื ืฉื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ืืžืจ ืขืœ ื–ื” ืžืฉื”ื•).

ืกื™ื•ืžื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกืข ื™ื“ื•ืข ืœื›ื•ืœื ื•, ืžืจืงื• ืžื•ืฆื ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืืช ืื™ืžื• ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื™ื ืžื—ืœื™ืžื” ืฉื ื™ื”ื ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ื™ื—ื“ื™ื• ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืืœ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื•ื”ื›ื” ืžื•ื›ืจ ืœื”ื ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืกื™ื•ืžื• ืžืกืขื• ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืœื“ ื”ืงื˜ืŸ.


"ื”ืœื‘", ืกื“ืจืช ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ืจืช ืฉืฉื•ื“ืจื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉืžื•ื ื™ื ื”ื™ื ื’ื ื•ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืกืข ืฉืœื ื• ืœื”ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืชืžื“ื” ืฉืœื ื• ื•ื”ื”ื‘ื ื” ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื”ื™ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ื‘ืžืกืข ื”ืื™ืฉื™ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื•ืื—ื“ ืžืืชื ื•, ื”ืžืกืข ืœื”ืคื™ื›ืช ื—ื™ื™ื ื• ืœื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœื”ื‘ื ื” ืฉื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื ืชื•ืŸ ืืš ื•ืจืง ืœื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืฉืœื ื•.

๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒนืžื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืชื›ื ืœืฉืชืฃ๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน

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